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Additional Reading



Moore, Brian C. J. (2004). “Pitch Perception.” In An Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing, 5th edition. New York: Elsevier Academic Press. 195-214; 230-31.

Tan, S., Pfordresher, P., & Harré, R. (2010). “Chapter 5: Perception of Musical Pitch and Melody.” In Psychology of Music: From Sound to Significance. New York: Taylor & Francis, 73-94.

Lerdahl, Fred (1988). Tonal pitch space. Music Perception 5: 315–349.

Shepherd, Roger. “Circularity in Judgements of Pitch.” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 36 (1964): 2345-53.

Butler, David, and Helen Brown (1984). Tonal Structure versus Function: Studies of the Recognition of Harmonic Motion. Music Perception, 2.1 (1984): 6-24.

Kessler, E. J., Hansen, C., and Shepard, R. N. (1984). Tonal schemata in the perception of music in Bali and the WestMusic Perception, 2: 131-65.

Krumhansl, C. L., & Shepard, R. (1979). Quantification of the hierarchy of tonal functions within a diatonic context. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 5: 579-594.

Krumhansl, C., & Kessler, E. J. (1982). Tracing the dynamic changes in perceived tonal organization in a spatial representation of musical keys. Psychological Review, 89: 334-368. {Focus on pp. 340-344.}

Note: Krumhansl & Kessler’s “Experiment 1” makes use of “Shepard’s Tones,” described in the middle paragraph of the right side of p 340. These tones are described in more detail in Deutsch, 1991—and in my review of her work. (See Unit 1.)



Dalla Bella, S., Giguere, J.-F., & Peretz, I. (2007). Singing proficiency in the general population. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121: 1182-1189.

Racette, A. & Peretz, I. (2007). Learning lyrics: To sing or not to sing? Memory & Cognition, 35: 242-253. 

Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., & Ky, K. K. (1993). Music and spatial task performance. Nature 365: 611.

Schulkind, M.D. (1999). Long-term memory for temporal structure: Evidence from the identification of well-known and novel songs. Memory & Cognition, 27: 896-906. 


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