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UNIT I—Ecological and Psychological Perspectives

(April 2 & 9)

Whitow, G. J. “The Significance of Time.” Chapter 8 in What is Time? New York: Oxford University, 1972.

Gopher D, Iani C. “Attention,” in Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Nature Publishing Company, 2002.

Bispham, John. “Rhythm in Music: What is it? Who has it? And Why?” In Music Perception, Volume 24, Issue 2, December 2006, pp. 125–134.

Clayton, Martin R. L. “Free Rhythm: Ethnomusicology and the Study of Music without Metre.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 59, No. 2 (1996), pp. 323-332.


: Explore sound in your environment, emphasizing sounds whose temporality doesn’t allow you to make easy assumptions about rhythmic organization. Bring recordings to seminar.

: Explain at least one recording in terms of time as a fixed dimension in which events occur, and at least one (it can be the same one if you like) in terms of time as an illusion without value independent of phenomena. The prior links are examples of approaches to this assignment; if you missed seminar on January 15, complete the readings thoroughly above and save this segment of the assignmnet for January 29.


Further reading:

Comment/Response: (to Bispham) Rodger Graham’s “Music as Socio-emotional Confluence: A Comment on Bispham,” and John Bispham’s “Music as Socio-Affective Confluential Communication? Response to Graham,” in Music Perception, Volume 25 No. 2, December 2007, pp. 167-168; 169-170.

McAdams, S., and Matzkin, D. (2003). “The roots of musical variation in perceptional similarity and invariance.” In I. Peretz & R. J. Zatorre (Eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 76-94.

Desain, P. & Honig, H. “Computational Models of Beat-induction: the Rule-based Approach.” In Journal of New Music Research, 28(1), 1999, pp. 29–42.

Clarke, Eric F. “Categorical Rhythm Perception: an Ecological Perspective.” In Action and Perception in Rhythm and Music (Alf Gabrielsson, ed.), pp. 19-33. Stockholm: Royal Swedish Academy of Music, 1987.

Jones, Mari Riess & Boltz, Marilyn. “Dynamic Attending and Responses to Time,” in Psychological Review, 1989, Vol. 96. No. 3, 459-491.

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